Title: Count and Baron
Title in succession: 9th
Date created: 1770 and 1775
Grant: EMPRESS OF AUSTRIA in her kingdom and all her
Provinces of Italy
Granted To: Giorgio Fournier de Pausier
Rep: Sant Fournier
Remainder to: his male descendants in order of primogeniture
Present Holder: Steve Sant Fournier C.I.S.A, KCN,
Knight of the Royal House of Georgia
Note: First styled as Baron in 1770 as Baron De
Pausier, to be later granted Count in 1775.
Titles not formerly recognised by the Royal Commission of 1878: Baron de
The Most Noble Count Alfred
Charles Sant Fournier
(Forever in our heart - Picture taken circa 1963)
arms and new motto)
Motto: INTER SPICAS FULGO
(roughly translated 'A shining light between ears of
Coat of arms 2007 by Barbara
Arms belonging to
Count Edward Sant
coat of Arms
designed by Nicky Diacono
The Family Fournier were Merchants from France with ancient lineage,
having direct connections with the Papacy Avignon back in the 15th century with Pope Benedict XII (r1332-42) formerly
Pope Benedict XII
"You have elected a
jackass!" cried Jacques Fournier when to his astonishment he
found that he had been elected on the first ballot. But
the self-styled jackass was actually the outstanding theologian
in the college of cardinals. Jacques Fournier was born at
Saverdun in Southern France. He became a Cistercian monk, studied
theology at Paris, and rose to be bishop
of Pamiers and later of
Mirepoix. John XXII made him a cardinal in 1327 and depended upon
his theological knowledge in the struggles which marked that Pontiff's stormy reign. Elected unanimously on the first ballot, Jacques chose the
name Benedict XII.
At first Benedict toyed with the idea of going
back to Rome. From the Eternal City came urgent invitations. But
Romans were still turbulent and Avignon was quiet and pleasant.
Far from leaving, Benedict began to build that huge fort of a
palace which is the landmark of the Avignon exile.
had been a fervent monk, the "spiritual" Franciscan
minority hoped that the new Pope would be more favorable to them.
But Benedict was a great lover of obedience and orthodoxy, and he
soon showed the recalcitrant
friars that the monk Pope had much
the same ideas as his canon lawyer predecessor. He worked hard to
reform religious orders. One outstanding measure was his
determined effort to get wandering monks and friars back into
cloister. A number of maladjusted religious had been roaming the
roads seeking adventure and, of course, giving no end of
Benedict did his best to shepherd this wandering flock
back into the fold. He enacted other measures which helped the
Benedictines, and in general did a lot to check abuses and foster
regularity in religious houses.
Benedict also tried to reform the
abuses which were creeping into the Roman court, and he gave to
all a shining example of detachment by his steady refusal to
enrich his relatives. He loved peace so much that he declared that he would not fight even to preserve the papal kingdom. When the
storm clouds which warned of the coming Hundred Years' War
loomed, Benedict exerted himself to dissipate them. Pro-French he
may have been to the extent of creating a great majority of French cardinals, but when war threatened, he
showed himself a
truly impartial peacemaker. Unfortunately he succeeded only in
postponing the terrible war.
Benedict XII has been praised by some
of his contemporaries and harshly criticized by others. This is
not strange, for he was a pious man and an earnest reformer. These Reforms tread on toes and caused anguished outcries.
Petrarch did not like Benedict because he would not come back
to Rome, and the fight with Louis the Bavarian still went
on. History has done justice to this holy and learned Pope. If only he had
any weaknesses, it was in the field of diplomacy. His simple
monastic outlook was ill-tuned to the complexities of high
Benedict XII died on April 25, 1342.
"Popes Through the Ages" by Joseph Brusher, S.J.
version copyright © 1996 New Advent, Inc.
Fournier's held titles in Southern France, dating back to
Hugh Capet in the 10th Century. Many descendants may claim lineage
through this family who travelled in search of a fortune. One
descendant 'Geronimo Fournier' a Merchant (mercante di
drappi con bottega aperta sposo' Marilhena) in the Mediterranean Sea with
'The Duchy of Savoy', Grand Ducal of Tuscany,
the Papal States, Duchy
of Parma and the Kingdoms of Sardinia and the Two Sicilies
the Isles of Malta). Here Geronimo Fournier eventually settled and
Malta a base to expand his business to Africa, and later the
Upon coming of age , his son Lazzaro Fournier
already commanded a
fleet, and a Merchant who later went to France and married Ariete de
Pausier ', an heiress from another Merchant family
in Southern France. Great success soon followed as the fleet of his merchant
ships grew, and their
son was sent to be educated in the Austrian Army (Tuscany)
along with several other young Maltese (a future brother
in-law to Salvatore Baldassare Sant).
A successful career followed in the Austrian Army as promotions to Captain
(together with those of his
brother in-law), and who would also marry his best friend's sister Aloisea
Sant in 1733, who later had a large family.
Giorgio Fournier's career
in the Austrian army flourished, with many heroic adventures and
successes, thereby acquiring his Noble title from Empress Maria Theresia of
Austria, Queen of Hungary, Bohemia.... with the title of 'Barone de
in her Italian Provinces on 31st March 1768 at Vienna,
This title was granted to his legitimate male
descendants in order of primogeniture, and which title was an honour to a man of such
talent and efforts in the wars against
France and Spain.
When Despuig became Grand Master in 1736 Giorgio
Fournier was nominated 'Alfiere della Cavalleria'. However, many prominent persons who were not titled, but
occupied similiar posts
were listed on the roll of Valetta. Amongst these we
Fournier brothers, Giuseppe and Lazzaro, who were both 'Luogotenente' of the Zebbug Regiment. The fact that most of the
Nobility were patent holders may have been another reason why they were
not included in the Ruolo, although a number of clerics are mentioned. In
fact, the only four prominent families enrolled in the Ruolo were the
Fournier, Crispo, Alessi, and Marchesi, all of whom were ennobled after
the list was drawn up. Upon retirement and finally returning to
Malta, Giorgio Fournier was presented with an Honour of
appreciated to the title of Count Fournier de Pausier on the 29th
of January, 1770 at Vienna with remainder to his descendants in the order
of primogeniture. That same year of 1770 his brother in-law, Salvatore
Baldassare Sant was also created Count Sant and remainder to his male descendants in the
order of primogeniture for services to Her Imperial Armies of
Count Giorgio Fournier was granted permission to
use the title of Count Fournier at
the chancellery of the
order of St John on the year 1775 with full
recognition. In 1776, Baron Fournier requested Lante to be relieved of his office within
the tribunal of the Inquisition, as he
and his family had decided to emigrate to France.
successor was Giorgio's son Lazzaro, who held the family business
in Merchant shipping and set up an Office in Valletta. During the last
Grand Master's reign in Malta, he was exiled with his father the Count
from Malta, with the 'association to the Freemasons'. Lazzaro left
Malta followed by his father until the French had invaded Malta,
and then was invited back. During the up rise against the French, the
Count Fournier had his house and goods confiscated and was
banished from the city on the pretext of his brothers as an
insurgent leader. This is strange as the Fournier's had always
been loyal to the French and had entrusted with the first dispatch to the King of Naples, only one month before.
French descent, the Fournier's were part of the high society
and held high positions during the French reign in Malta, considered
a traitor by the Maltese during this period. The
family flourished during this period, with Lazzaro's younger
brother Gaetano holding the Merchant shipping business in France, and
Lazzaro in Malta. Gaetano married into French nobility in France, his
sisters Diane, marrying a Sicilian Barone in Licata and Anne
marrying a Frenchman while in exile during the last period of the
Knights of Malta.
Count Lazzaro Fournier, married in Malta , to the
Last 'Capitano della Verga' of Malta's niece, Modesta
Gauci-Azzopardi grandaughter of the 1st Barone di Buleben
and descendant of the Ancient noble family of Cuzkeri.
The Cuzkeri, an ancient spelling, are descendants to much of
the Maltese-Sicilian nobility and Royalty. This connection creating a link
to 'ancient' noble blood to a new noble family in Malta.
Thus only providing an heiress to the
title and family fortune,
Luigia Fournier, who succeeded as the 'de-jure' Countess Fournier de
Pausier and married the second son of the 2nd Count Sant (a
second cousin). Baldassare dei Conti Sant, a Lord Lieutenant of
Mdina, and brother of the Archbishop of Malta. Baldassare's marriage
provided a new legacy to the Sant Fournier families, uniting two noble families
in blood, and creating a new family. All 'SANT FOURNIER'
are descendants of this union.
Baldassare dei Conti Sant was the
son of the 2nd Count Sant and the 7th Baroness of Ghariexem e
Tabia, (very wealthy heiress with lots of Estates). The Sants, later
to be known as Sant Cassia's or Sant Fournier's or Sant Manduca and
Sant Barbaros were one of the richest families in Malta.
The wealth held was beyond belief by today's standards.
the Sant's were divided into several families, as mentioned
above. The only family extinct in a male line are the Sant
Baldassare's mother was also from an ancient lineage,
with connections from all Noble and landed gentry of Malta. There
are several noted royal connections through this
The next holder was the son of Countess Luigia and
Baldassare Sant Fournier, Lazzaro Sant Fournier succeeded as the
4th Barone de Pausier in Italy and 4th Count in Malta. Invested
as a Knight of the Order of Charles III of Spain and was one of
the wealthiest men in Malta.
The struggles of the Royal Commission
started in Malta, where all titles had to be presented to the H.M. Government
who later finally granted permission of the title
of Count Fournier on the 30th of April, 1878. Thus providing recognition
British Empire. But the title of Barone de Pausier was not acknowledged by
the British Royal Commission. (Note: The title of Barone de Pausier was
created in the Austrian Italian kingdoms, the descendants still carry this
title today, as they still have the LEGAL and ANCIENT RIGHT to retain such
Lazzaro Sant Fournier first married in 1838 to Adelaide dei Baroni
Testaferrata Abela, the daughter of the Fifth Barone di Gomerino
and his third wife, 'the Contessa Buzzi-Rainier di Velletri'.
From this union came several children, Aloisia, Clotilde,
Calcidone, and 2 other children. Their daughter married into Spanish and
Lazzaro Sant Fournier, died in 1898, living a
life of change under the British.
Alfred Sant Fournier,
succeeded as the 5th Count and Barone for only a few years.
Alfred was fortunate to travel to London to attend the coronation
of King Edward VII in 1902, as a member of the Maltese Nobility.
He married in
1869 to a Maltese-Italian Banking and Noble family
providing the family with a Bank to their realms, and many other priceless treasures. Olga dei Conti
Tagliaferro eventually became
the sole heiress to the Tagliaferro
Alfred had three sons (Hugo,
Edward and Charles), Hugo and Edward were twins, though Hugo
being the elder of the twins, was unable to hold title due to his poor
condition, the title remain dormant until his death in 1910, when
younger twin, Edward succeeded as the 6th Count (twin
Edward, married Esther Testaferrata Bonici Ghaxaq dei
Marchese Testaferrata di San Vincenzo Ferreri e dei Baroni
Qlejjgha, the daughter of the 6th Marchese and 5th Baron. From
this connection, providing many connections to most of the
present Maltese nobility
Edward died in 1951 and was succeeded
by his son Alfred, as the 7th Count Fournier.
Alfred married in 1935 to Eileen
Donovan............from Cork Ireland, and had 4 children, Marie, Eileen,
and two twins Alfred and Anthony.
Marie the eldest married to Dr. Philip Attard Montalto, and had four
children, Edward, Patricia, Victoria and Deborah. Eileen Sant Fournier married to
A. Busietta and have 3 children, Hadrian jr., Rowena and Fiona.
Conti Fournier married to Elisabeth nee' Anastasi and had three children,
Alexander, Christian and Edward.
Alfred died in 1973, a year before the
Republic of Malta was installed, and succeeded by his son
also Alfred, the 8th Count Fournier and the 8th Baron de Pausier was born on
the 7th October 1944, and has six children. Alfred and Anthony were twins, but
Alfred was the eldest, born 15 minutes earlier at 11.45 whilst Anthony was born
at 12.00. All brothers and sisters lived under the terrible times of the 70's and
80's (known better as the Malta's dark years). Both twin brothers went to various schools and colleges
and Alfred was widely
respected by many of his Bank colleagues. Alfred worked for the National Bank of Malta
for 5 years and later (after the Scandal takeover by Dom Mintoff) with the Bank
of Valletta for 18 years. He died 31st December 2002 at an untimely age of 58.
eldest son succeeded him the 20th September 2003, as the 9th Count
Fournier et Barone de Pausier.
Partly researched until the 6th Count Fournier
Said Vassallo, 7th of October, 2000 and updated 28 March
Account of the Counts Fournier
Jacobo-Guiliame de Fournier, Sire
de Fournier e la Chapelle. (c1570-1640) of Haute-Loire, France, with
Giorgio-Benedict de Fournier. – See
de Fournier, Sire de la Chapelle. (a female descendant had married a
illegitimate descendant of King Louis XIV – the Sun King of the 18th
Giorgio-Benedict Fournier of Haute-Loire, Sire de Fournier, France (died
1672), married with issue.
Jacobo-Guilliame de Fournier,
Barone de Fournier, (1632-., married Isabella Elizabeth Eynard., with
Guilliame, Baron de Fournier, (1678-1752)., married Marguerite Bourleyre.,
1.1.1. Anne de Fournier., (1742-.
Marie de Fournier, (1743-.
Pierre de Fournier., (1745-61)., Barone de Fournier., dunm.
Francoise de Fournier., (1747-1807)., married Jean Bertin.
Anne de Fournier., (1751-80).
Pierre de Fournier., (1753-. Barone de Fournier.
Louis-Benedict de Fournier, Sacerdot in Aviginon, France. dunm 1689.
3. Charles-Henri de Fournier., Moved to London, England, then settled in
Pfalz, Germany., married Marguerite Brifau., with issue.
de Fournier., (Born in London, England.)., married 1663 at Pfalz, Germany
to Marguerite Bourguin., Married 1673 at Pfalz, Germany to Marie du Rieu.,
de Fournier., (1673-.
de Fournier., (1674-.
de Fournier., (1677-.
de Fournier., (1680-.
de Fournier., (1683-.
de Fournier., (1685-1757)., married at Pfalz, Germany to Catherine Bodin.,
de Fournier., (1719-74)., married (his cousin) Rachel de Fournier., with
Josias de Fournier., (1749-1808)., married Frederique Urbain.
de Fournier., (1688-1738)., married Rachel Harant., with issue.
de Fournier., (1728-., married Sara Septsous., with issue.
de Fournier., (1753-1817)., married Marthe Loge., with issue.
de Fournier., (1800-74)., married Henrietta Ernestine Mathis., with issue.
de Fournier., (1832-., married Charles William Coste.
Davide de Fournier., (1838-.
Rachel de Fournier., married her cousin Josias de Fournier.
Geronimo Fournier, -
Fra. Giacomo de Fournier, Knight of the Order of St John, dunm 1716.
Fournier of Aviginon, Sire de Fournier (Shared with his elder brother),
France, Merchant of Trapani, Italy,
Settled in Malta as a base to the Mediterranean Sea trade. married
1672 to Madeliene Preziosi-Poussieghes.
(See Preziosi for ancestry)
1. Giorgio-Benedict de Fournier., (1672-98) dunm
Lazzaro Fournier- See Below.
3. Marchesa Rosa Fournier, married 1696 to Giuseppe Rola, with issue
Lazzaro Fournier, married 1705 to Arietta de Pausier, (Daughter of
Giuseppe de Pausier, Merchant of France and Maria
1. Giorgio Fournier, 1st Count Fournier and 1st Barone de Pausier-See
2. Aloiseo Fournier, married to Anna Borg, with issue
2.1. Mattia Fournier, married 1758 Porto Salvo, Valletta, to Francesco
Calleja, ("del Luogo detto Bousett" of Marseglia).
3. Giovanni Fournier, married (1) 1727 Porto Salvo, Valletta to Teresa
Stellons. Married (2) 1734 Porto Salvo, Valletta to Caterina Caruana
Giorgio Fournier, 1st Conte Fournier (Cr:1770 in the Austrian
Empire), Ist Barone de Pausier, (Created 1768 in the Austrian Empire).
Married 1733 to Aloisea Sant, (The Sister
of the First Count Sant), with issue
1. Lazzaro Fournier, 2nd Conte-See Below.
2. Gaetano Fournier, (1738-..), married 1775 to Clothilde
Durante (Dorell), (See de Vaccaro)
2.1. Caterina Fournier,
2.2. Margherita Fournier
2.3. (illegitimate) Aloiseo Brignone, married 1771 to Antonia
Bagari, with issue
2.3.1. Gaetano Brignone, married 1814 to Sylvia Gatt, with issue
22.214.171.124. Charlotte Brignone, married 1859 Southampton, England to Lieut.
Edward Somerville (of the Somerville Baronets of England), R.M.A, with
3. Diane Fournier, (1736-..), married 1772 to Don
Alessandro de Platamone, Noble of Licata, Governor of Licata, with
3.1. Flora de Platamone, married 1801 to Signor Don. Angelo Pileri., with
4. Annuzationa Fournier, (1733-86), married 1776 to Gaetano
5. Peppino Fournier, (1741-87). Knight of the Order of St John.
6. Franca Fournier, (1744-..), dunm.
7. (illegitimate or Slave!) Giovanna de Fournier (Noted as "Manumesio"
View Adami Collection Vol:19, pp. 149), married 1767 at San Paolo,
Valletta to Michelangelo di Giovanni. (Also a "Manumesio").
Lazzaro Fournier, 2nd Conte Fournier, Married to Modesta
Gauci Azopardi, with issue.
1. Luigia Fournier, 3rd Contessa-See Below.
Luigia Fournier, (died 1858), 3rd Contessa Fournier, Married 1811 to Baldassare
dei Conti Sant, with issues
1. Lazzaro Sant Fournier,4th Count-See Below.
2. Giorgio dei Conti Sant Fournier LL.D ( 1817-, Married to Paolina
dei Marchese Apap-Bologna
2.1. Emmanule Sant Fournier ( 1850- , married to Filomena
De Bono , with issue.
2.2. Luigia Sant Fournier ( 1856-, married 1886 to Amabile
dei Baroni Attard-Montalto
2.3. Gwendoleon Sant Fournier ( 1863- , married to Edward Farcononth
2.4. Emilia Sant Fournier ( 1865- , married 1886 to Achilles
dei Baroni Attard-Montalto
2.5. Maria Sant Fournier ( 1874-, married NN England, with issue.
Lazzaro Sant Fournier ( 1813-98), 4th Count Fournier, married 1838 to Adelaide
Testaferrata-Abela dei Baroni di Gomerino, with issue
1. Alfred Sant Fournier, 5th Count-See Below.
2. Clara dei Conti Sant Fournier, married Saverio
dei Conti Manduca
3. Giula dei Conti Sant Fournier ( 1844-, married firstly to Jose de
Lavelle, Count of Premio Real, married secondly to Eliodoro
dei Marchese Barbaro
Alfred Sant Fournier ( 1840-1903), 5th Count Fournier, married 1869 to Olga
dei Conti Tagliaferro, with issue
1. Hugo Sant Fournier ( 1871-1910) Contino Fournier, dsp
2. Edward Sant Fournier, 6th Count-See Below.
3. Mary dei Conti Sant Fournier (1869-, married to Capt. Francis Lawson
3.1. Gladys Lawson-Sant Fournier, (1895-
3.2. Elsie Lawson-Sant Fournier, (1897-
4. Carlo dei Conti Sant Fournier ( 1875-,. Married to Carmela Abela-Pulis
(Sister of Marchioness Scicluna), with issue.
4.1. Guido Sant Fournier (1911 - 1987), married Vera Vallone
4.1.1. Charles Sant Fournier ( 1951- , married to Mary Anne Felice
4.1.2. James Sant Fournier 1955 married to Diane Pace Decesare, with issue
126.96.36.199. Fabien (born 3 February 1983
188.8.131.52. Solange Corinne (born 18 December 1984
4.2. Hugh Sant Fournier ( 1913-, married to Gwendolyn Wood, with issue/
4.2.1. Robert Sant Fournier ( 1941-
4.2.2. Michelle Corinne Sant Fournier ( 1945- , married in 1969 to
Geoffrey Howard Minter, Laird of Sandside.
4.3. Mary Sant Fournier, married
Milovan Micovic, with issue.
4.3.1 M Micovic
4.3.2 M Micovic
4.3.3 J Micovic (died 2004)
4.3.4 M Micovic
4.3.5 M Vassallo Cesareo married with issue
184.108.40.206 Roberta married to Kerstein with issue,
220.127.116.11 Luca and Mattea born 12/10/2004
Edward Sant Fournier ( 1871- 1951),6th Count Fournier, married in 1906 to Esther
dei Marchese Testaferrata-Bonici ( - 1951)
1. Alfred Sant Fournier ( 1911-73), 7th Count-See Below.
Alfred Sant Fournier ( 1911-73), 7th Count Fournier, married in 1935 to
1. Alfred Sant Fournier, 8th Count Sant Fournier - See Below.
2. Anthony dei Conti Sant Fournier (1944- , married in 1968 to Elisabeth
Anastasi with issue,
2.1. Christian Sant Fournier (1974-
2.2. Alexander Sant Fournier (1977-
2.3. Edward Sant Fournier (1980-
3. Marie dei Conti Sant Fournier ( 1936- , married in 1958 to
P. Attard-Montalto LL.D, with issue. (See Benwarrad)
3.1 Patricia Attard Montalto has issue married to Thomas Vadala
3.2 Victora Attard Montalto has issue married to Dr. David Grech LL.D
3.3 Edward Attard Montalto has issue and married to Susannah,
3.4 Deborah Attard Montalto
Eileen Dei Conti Sant Fournier ( 1938, married (Sep.) in 1958 to Adrian
Busietta (Divorced and disgraced), with issue.
4.1. Hadrian Busietta, (1965- Deirdre and has issue
4.2. Rowena Busietta, ( 1959-, married 1981 to Simon Mamo and has issue.
4.3. Fiona Busietta, ( 1961- married to Steve Cachia (Sep.) and has issue
* Alfred Sant Fournier, (1944-2002), 8th Count Fournier, Barone de Pausier (See Foreign Titles Section),
Married in 1964 to Gladys Meli-Bugeja, (See also Maltese Families - Cassar Torreggiani), with issue
1. Steve Sant Fournier (1965 - , 9th Count Fournier de Pausier and Baron de Pausier
CISA KCN married to Rita nee' Mackay (Scotland) with issue
1.1 T.D. Sant Fournier (1997 -)
1.2 C.J Sant Fournier (1999 - )
2. Simon dei Conti Sant Fournier, M.B.A (1972-
) Acknowledged as the
2.1 G.Sant Fournier (2009-)
2.2 Emma Sant
3. Sean dei Conti Sant Fournier B.A et de Baroni de Pausier et Conte Sant
(1977- ), married to Dr.Claudanne Zammit BA LLD
4. Silvana Sultana dei Conti Sant Fournier, M.B.A, ( 1967- ), married to Matthew
Sultana with issue
4.1. K. Sultana, (2001-
4.2. A. Sultana, (2004-
5. Sara Psaila dei Conti Sant Fournier ( 1969- ), Married to Mark Psaila with issue
5.1. Michaela Psaila, (1998-.
5.2. Sasha Psaila, (2004-.
6. Sandra dei Conti Sant Fournier, Notary Public (1980 -
You can access more
Fournier information from Maltagenealogy.com .
(IF THERE ARE ANY UPDATES TO
ANY TREES, PLEASE SEND AN EMAIL TO
, stating site you seen the genealogical tree and
Gauci,C.A.," The Genealogy and Heraldry of the Noble Families of
Malta", Gulf Publishing Ltd, Malta, 1981.
2) Gauci,C.A.," The Genealogy
and Heraldry of the Noble Families of Malta, Volume Two",
Publishers Enterprises Group (PEG) Ltd, 1992.
3) Gauci,C.A and Mallet,
P.,"The Palaeologos Family- A Genealogical Review" ,Publishers
Enterprises Group (PEG) Ltd, 1985
4) Gauci, C.A.," A Guide to the
Maltese Nobility", Publishers Enterprise Group (PEG) Ltd, Malta,
5) Montalto, J., "The Nobles of Malta-1530-1800", Midsea Books
Ltd, Malta, 1980.
6) De Piro, N., "Casa Rocco Piccola", The
Conde' Nast Publications 1999.' Http://www.vol.net.mt/casarocca
7) Giles Ash, S., "The Nobility of Malta", Publishers Enterprises
Group (PEG) Ltd, 1988.
8) Said Vassallo, C.M., Unpublished
9) Said Vassallo, C.M., Maltagenealogy.com Research
10) Sant Fournier S, "Unpublished Materials from Archives of
the Counts Fournier"